Diabetes Facts

Diabetes now affects nearly 24 million people in the United States, an increase of more than 3 million in approximately two years according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

  • Another 57 million have pre-diabetes and do not know they have it. This is a condition that puts people at increased risk for diabetes.
  • Diabetes poses a significant public health challenge for the nation and for North Texas. More than 1.3 million new cases are diagnosed each year (3,500 per day).
  • The prevalence of diabetes in Tarrant County is lower than the Texas and the United States rates.

Complications of Diabetes

  • Heart Disease and stroke
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Blindness
  • Kidney Disease
  • Neuropathy
  • Amputations
  • Dental Disease
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Other complications (i.e., coma, diabetic ketoacidosis, highly susceptible to pneumonia and flu, etc.)

Leading Causes of Death in Tarrant County, 2005, in Ranked Order

  1. Heart Disease
  2. Cancer
  3. Stroke
  4. Chronic lower respiratory disease
  5. Accidents
  6. Diabetes
    • 297 deaths related to diabetes reported in Tarrant County for 2005.
    • 164 male deaths. Diabetes was ranked the 6th leading cause of death in males.
    • 133 female deaths. Diabetes was ranked the 7th leading cause of death in females.
  7. Alzheimer’s disease
  8. Suicide
  9. Influenza and pneumonia
  10. Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis
  11. Kidney Disease
  12. Bloodstream Infections

Racial and Ethnic Impact

According to the CDC, differences exist among ethnic groups and minority populations including Native Americans, African Americans and Hispanics.

The CDC, through it's division of diabetes translation, funds diabetes prevention and control programs in all 50 states. The National Diabetes Education Program, co-sponsored by CDC and the National Institutes for Health (NIH), provides diabetes education to improve the treatment and outcomes for people with diabetes, promote early diagnosis, and prevent or delay the onset of diabetes (CDC, 2008).

If you are interested in more information regarding the diabetes prevention program in Tarrant County, please contact Lesa Watley, RN MPH, at 817-920-7366.

References

Leading Cause of Death Tarrant County, 2005. Website: http://health.tarrantcounty.com 

Tarrant County Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Systems (BRFSS), 2006. Website: http://health.tarrantcounty.com 

The Texas Diabetes Council addresses issues affecting people with diabetes in Texas and advises the Texas Legislature on legislation that is needed to develop and maintain a statewide system of quality education services for all people with diabetes and the health care professionals who care for them. For more information regarding diabetes data, surveillance and education access the following website: http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/diabetes/tdcdata.shtm 

Estimates of Diagnosed Diabetes Now Available for all U.S. Counties (CDC, 2008). Website: http://www.cdc.gov/media/pressrel/2008/r080624.htm